Egypt weather is considered to be one of the hottest and sunniest in the world. As most of its landmass falls within the Sahara region, Egypt experiences a desert type of climate, with the notable exception of a strip of land along the Mediterranean coast.
Throughout Egypt the summer season retains its prevailing hot and dry attributes, although in the Delta as well as along the Mediterranean Coast humidity can prove to be an obstacle especially to the uninitiated to the particularities of Egypt weather patterns. Recent global climate changes have affected one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East, engulfing Cairo, Egypt’s capital city, in a humid embrace, pushing temperatures to scorching point during the month of August.
If you are planning on visiting Egypt during the summer period, make sure to pack sufficient sun protection in your luggage. Needless to say, hats are essential and light, comfortable cotton clothes are a priority. Egypt’s hot season commences in May and finishes in October, the rest of the year retaining a considerably cooler and milder disposition with sunny days, cold nights and occasional rainfall. On the up side, the prevailing northern winds serve as an obstacle to temperatures reaching levels of extremity during both seasons.
Annual average temperatures in the coastal regions range between highs of 37° C (99° F) to lows of 14° C (57° F), while the desert areas experience greater variations, temperature maximums hovering around 46° C (114° F) during daylight, dropping to minimums of around 6° C (42° F) after the sun sets and often bellow freezing point during the winter season.
The area along the Mediterranean coast experiences Egypt’s highest humidity levels and annual rainfall of about 200mm. However precipitation decreases dramatically the further south one ventures, dropping to a portly 29mm of rain each year in the Cairo area, while in some desert locations rainfall is so scarce it appears only once every few years.
A wind known locally as the Khamaseen, outside of Egypt as the sirocco and blowing from the south during the spring season, usually in a five-day period between March and April brings sand and dust and occasionally pushes desert temperatures above 38 °C (100 °F).
Commencing in October and finishing in May, winters in Egypt are considerably colder to what most people might anticipate. Showers can fall anywhere and cold snaps are always a possibility especially during sunrise and sunset in the desert areas. Needless to say that if you are heading into the desert your head should remain covered at all times. You should also be aware that you will get dry quickly so bring along sufficient water stock.